Cut-Leaved Toothwort, Cardamine concatenata, this spicy plant was once used as a folk remedy for toothaches. If you have a spicy palate, it may be worth checking out. The flavor has been compared to horseradish or wasabi but please only harvest where this plant is abundant. Medicinally, it has been used by the Iroquois as a hallucinogen, an ominous love medicine that is similar to their hunting medicine, and for headaches. The roots were used for fishing by adding a little water then mashing the roots up, you would then leave your hook and line in the solution over night and add a little juice to your worms. Apparently fish like spicy foods. For divination, let the root float in water and tell it what it is to be used for.
Keep your eyes and ears open and your powder dry!
Cut-Leaved Toothwort Sources:
Audubon Guides Box Set – Birds, Tree, Wildflowers & Mammals. Computer Software. Green Mountain Digital. Version: 2.3. Web. Jul 10, 2014.
Brill, Steve. Wild Edibles Plus. Computer Software. WinterRoot LLC. Version 1.5. 2012. Web. Feb. 15, 2014.
Foster, Steven and James A. Duke. The Peterson Field Guide Series; A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs of Eastern and Central North America. 2nd. ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000. Print. pg. 38-39
Herrick, James William. Iroquois Medical Botany. Ph.D. Thesis, New York: State University of New York, Albany 1977. Print. pg. 154
Moerman Daniel E., Native American Ethnobotany, Portland: Timber Press. 1998. Print. pg. 136
Newcomb, Lawrence. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1977. Print. pg. 162-163
Peterson, Lee Allen. The Peterson Field Guide Series; A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants; Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977. Print. pg. 100-101
United States Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Services. Web.